Cold and flu are an illness caused by different viruses. Colds are common during the winter season. Adults may get 2 to 4 cold each year and children about 5 to 10 colds in a year. There are no vaccines for cold available. Cold affects your nose, throat and few symptoms remain coughing, runny nose, sore throat, and sneezing.
Flu is a viral infection that affects throat and the nose. The symptom of flu includes a sore throat, muscle ache, and fever. Both flu and cold can lead to complication if proper medication is not taken on time. There are vaccines available for flu, and it is recommended for older adults with chronic illness. Good hygiene remains one of the most important ways to prevent you from cold and flu. Good hygiene includes:
- Washing hands regularly with soap and water after touching your nose and mouth.
- Not sharing your plates, cups, and cutlery.
- Avoid sharing towels with other people.
- Sneezing and coughing into a tissue and throw them away immediately.
Here are given ten different ways to prevent you from cold and flu.
1. Using Disinfectant at Home
Cleaning your home using a disinfectant is an effective way to keep away virus from attacking your family. You may use a disinfectant to clean your bathroom and kitchen. Stay away from sponges and rugs. If you have to use a sponge, make sure they are washed properly once in a week.
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2. Take Flu Vaccine
Vaccines are the best way to prevent flu. The best time to get the flu vaccine is early autumn. This will allow your immunity to strengthen before flu season will start. You must take the vaccine every year to keep you protected from flu because immunity decreases over time. The flu vaccine is free for people aged above 65 years and pregnant women.
3. Exercise Daily
You should exercise 45 minutes a day and five days a week. You may go for walking or brisk walking to reduce the risk of cold. Studies have shown that women who walked for a long-term were most resistant to cold. You may also perform cycling daily. Exercise will keep you fit and keep disease away.
4. Keep your Hand and Fingers Clean
You should wash your hands often using warm water and a plain soap. Rub your hands together with soap for 20 seconds to eliminate germs. Clean under the nails and between fingers to keep away germs. We use fingers to rub eyes, cover mouth and to rub noses. This could infect you with cold virus particles. So you should clean your hand and fingers often.
5. Drink Tea and Eat Protein-Rich Food Items
Green tea with lemon and honey is good to make you remain fresh every day. Drinking hot tea and breathing steam will keep away germs from entering through your nose and mouth. Lemon and honey are antibacterial which are good to be included in your daily diet.
Research has shown that diets which are low in protein can deplete the immune system. So, make sure you eat protein-rich food throughout the day; you may include fish, egg, and yogurt in your daily diet.
6. Wipe Sweat from Your Body and Sanitize Your Office
If you are a person who spends time working out in a gym or walking for hours outside, you will sweat a lot. Make sure the sweaty towels, sneakers and workout outfits are washed properly every day.
If you use any equipment in the gym, clean them first with antibacterial wipes before you use them barehanded. There are many things kept in your office space that can be touched by others daily. Viruses live on these surfaces for up to 48 hours. You must clean them using disinfectant at least once a week.
7. Eat Properly and Sleep for Health
Along with exercise, to keep your immune system healthy you must eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Green leafy vegetables are packed with antioxidants which will boost up your immune system. You should get enough sleep daily because they are most reliable defense against infection. Our body needs seven to 8-hour sleep daily to stimulate our immune system.
8. Drink Plenty of Water
A good health practice will keep your body strong and be ready to keep away germs and flu virus. You should drink plenty of water daily to stay hydrated. Fluids will boost your immune system and enable the body to fight against viruses. You should avoid caffeinated drinking drinks and try to drink 6 to 8 glass of water per day. You can make juice of fresh fruits daily and consume them during breakfast.
9. Probiotics Prevent You from Cold
Probiotics are good bacteria, and they protect your body from bad bacteria. Probiotics prevent you from causing cold and flu. You must consider eating food that contains probiotics, or you may also take a probiotic supplement as a precautionary measure. Regular use of probiotics will keep you healthier and reduce the risk of happening respiratory infection.
10. Avoid Sugar and Sweetened Drinks
Studies have shown that people who consumed six tablespoons of sugar in juice, tea, coffee or sugary drinks are infected with white blood cells, losing the ability to fight back against bacteria and viruses. When you eat or drink sugar, your immune system remains depressed for several hours. So you should cut back on sweet items.
When the weather starts to cool down, it means cold and flu season are just around the corner. Although there is no specific way to avoid these viruses, there is a number of precautionary measures you can follow to reduce the risk of this illness. Despite your best effort, if you still end up with cold or flu this winter it is recommended to take medical treatment immediately. Avoid taking antibiotics because the drug will not help with cold or flu. It is recommended to drink plenty of water get plenty of rest when you are sick.