A cough sore throat or fever; is it a cold or flu? Well, there is a difference between both.
How does a common cold develop?
Cold is a viral infection/illness that is caused due to a virus. It’s commonly and usually mild ailment, which affects the throat and nose. This usually lasts for about a week. A cold virus is such as the renal virus or the “chronavirus.” These viruses are taken into the body when you breathe them in.
Now, one cannot remove and differentiate the viruses while breathing. They are either taken into the body while breathing or when you touch any surface. Almost everything you touch has a virus on them, especially when you touch any surface, and then mistakenly you touch your mouth by eating or drinking without washing your hands. It is very rare that we always wash our hands before drinking or eating anything.
You may also catch a cold if you get close or in direct contact with someone who is already suffering from cold. When you speak with somebody who is already infected with this virus, you can easily catch a cold, simply because the tubes of your mouth, eyes, and nose are open and while sitting very close to that person and talking to him/her, may cause infection to you too. This causes the symptoms of a cold. Cold viruses grow on soft and warm surfaces such as nose, throat or sinuses.
An infection with cold viruses causes the immune system to produce antibodies, which are attached to the viruses and destroys the good bacteria. Mucus in the nose also traps the cold virus, and thus it remains for a longer period if you do not get it treated. Excess mucus production causes the symptoms of the blocked nose for a longer period thus allowing the virus of cold remain in the body. This if not treated on time, destroys the immune system of your body.
How does the flu develop?
The flu virus is totally different from the cold virus. The flu virus moves down in the body very aggressively and quickly, thus affecting the rest of the body; whereas, the cold virus affects only the upper part of the body. So it is very important to consider and make out properly that whether it is the cold virus or the flu virus.
Though coughing, running nose and congestion are common with both the problems but the major difference is that when you get flu, the cough you’ll notice will dry and the nose will be stuffy. Other major symptoms when you can make out that you are suffering from flu and not cold are:
- Stuffy nose and not runny nose
- Dry coughing
- Severe body and muscular pain
- Paint in joints
- High fever
- Body chills
Once you know that you are suffering from cold or flu, it will become easier for you to treat yourself with these amazing home remedies.
Top 10 Home Remedies to Treat Cold and Flu
You need to take plenty of fluids, which will flush out the virus from your body. Apart from this, take plenty of rest that will help you retain your stamina. Eat healthy and fibrous fruits which will benefit your body by producing good bacteria that will help your immune system. Following are some points that will help you treat cold and flu:
- Honey – Honey is of great help in curing severe and dry cough and cold. It has all those nutrients and enzymes present in it which are beneficial in treating cold. Adding a few drops of lemon juice in a table full spoon of honey helps in curing chronic cough.
- Garlic – Eating 2 to 3 cloves of empty garlic stomach helps in curing cold and other major health ailments. This is because garlic has anti-inflammatory properties and acts as an antibiotic in the body which helps getting rid of bad bacteria and virus. You can eat garlic in many ways:
- You can eat raw garlic every day empty stomach. Do this for a few months, and you will see the difference.
- Boil a few garlic cloves in water; mix a full tablespoon of honey in it. Drink this mixture daily until your cold and cough subside.
- You can also put garlic oil in your nose if you have severe congestion or stuffy nose.
- Ginger – Ginger is very beneficial in treating cold and dry cough. Crush ginger, squeeze it and take out its juice. In a tablespoon of ginger juice, add little honey. Eat this mixture daily twice or thrice a day. Your cold and cough will subside.
- Spice tea – Adding ginger to your daily cup of tea, will surely help your body gain some stamina. This is because tea and ginger mixed have all those enzymes which a dull and aching body requires. Ginger in your tea also helps to treat a sore throat.
- Chicken Soup – A chicken soup has all those properties and essential nutrients that you require to gain strength and stamina in your body. Having a cup of hot chicken soup will treat your sore throat, cough, cold and also it treats flu. The high anti-oxidant properties of the chicken soup help regain your stamina after severe illness or high fever. It will, also, boost your stamina and help you regain strength.
- Complete rest – Apart from eating dozens of medicines to treat cold and flu, you need to take the right amount of sleep and rest. This will help regain your body’s stamina and will help you recover quickly.
- Gargling hot water – One of the best and oldest home remedies to cure a sore throat is gargling with hot or lukewarm water. Add a pinch of salt to warm water and gargle twice or thrice a day. You will notice the difference in a day or two.
- If you feel nauseated during flu, try taking small sips of hot tea or coffee. Do not gulp down the entire drink in one go. Take small sips of hot drinks. This will ensure that you are taking the right amount of fluid which is required by your body in the right way.
- Onions – Instead of eating onions, try putting an onion slice under your socks. This will help you treat the severity of flu. This happens because there are thousands of nerves ending in the human feet. And onion acts as deoxidant to the human body thus giving relief from flu.
- Turmeric – Add one spoon of turmeric in a glass of water and boil it for 5 minutes. Pour it into a glass and squeeze 8 to 10 drops of lemon in it. Drink it when it is lukewarm. This will help in curing a cold, flu and sore throat.
If cold and flu are prolonged for a period, this may cause other problems like a headache, coughing and body ache and other major health-related issues which will be then difficult to treat.